THEORIES PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY Have you ever felt like you learn best in a particular way? These learning styles impact how well we learn under certain conditions. Some students learn best by hearing information while others learn best by seeing it. Some different theories have emerged to describe how students prefer to learn best. One learning style theory is based on the work of analytical psychologist Carl Jung, who developed a theory of psychological types designed to categorize people in terms of various personality patterns.
Jung's Theory of Personality Types Jung’s theory focuses on four basic psychological functions: Extraversion vs. Introversion Sensation vs. Intuition Thinking vs. Feeling Judging vs. Perceiving This theory later led to the development of the now-famous Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. In addition to influencing personality assessment, Jung's dimensions can also be used to assess and describe various learning styles. While each dimension represents a unique aspect of a learning style, it is important to remember that your individual learning style may include a combination of these dimensions. For example, your learning style might include elements of extraverted, sensing, feeling, and perceiving learning styles. Continue reading to learn more about each dimension in order to determine which combination best describes your unique style. The first component of the Jungian learning style dimensions indicates how learners interact with the outside world.
Extraverted learners enjoy generating energy and ideas from other people. They prefer socializing and working in groups.
Some of the learning activities that benefit extraverted learners include:
Teaching others how to solve a problem
If you enjoy teaching others, participating in a group and learning by experience, you are probably an extraverted learner.
Number of Extraverted Learners
Approximately 60% of learners are extraverted learners.5
Characteristics of Extravert Learners
Learns best through direct experience
Enjoys working with others in groups
Often gathers ideas from outside sources
Willing to lead, participate and offer opinions
Jumps right in without guidance from others
While introverted learners are still sociable, they prefer to solve problems on their own. Introverted learners enjoy generating energy and ideas from internal sources, such as brainstorming, personal reflection, and theoretical exploration. These learners prefer to think about things before attempting to try a new skill. If you enjoy solitary studying, individual work, and abstract ideas, you are probably an introverted learner. Number of Introverted Learners Approximately 40% of learners are introverted learners. Characteristics of Introvert Learners Prefers to work alone Enjoys quiet, solitary work Often generates ideas from internal sources Prefers to listen, watch and reflect Likes to observe others before attempting a new skill Sensing learners are focused on aspects of the physical environment. Jung described these individuals as being interested in the external world. They tend to be realistic and practical, preferring to rely on information gained through experience.